ENA: the authoritative multimedia reference on the history of European integration
• ENA (European Navigator) - multimediální referenční server o historii Evropské integrace
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|European NAvigator (ENA)|
• European NAvigator (ENA) provides high quality research and educational material on the history of European integration on a single website: www.ena.lu.
|ENA (European Navigator)
multimediální referenční server o historii Evropské integrace
|• ENA přináší vědecké a vzdělávací materiály o historii Evropské unie na jednom místě
• ENA je multimediální znalostní databáze obsahující více než 15000 dokumentů o historickém a institucionálním vývoji sjednocené Evropy od roku 1945 do současnosti
• V této znalostní databázi mohou žáci, studenti, učitelé a každý, kdo se zajímá o historii evropského integračního procesu, nalézt originální materiály jako fotografie, audio a video klipy, články a kresby
|Address given by Winston Churchill (Zurich, 19 September 1949)|
Address given by Winston Churchill (Zurich, 19 September 1949) - audio
I wish to speak to you today about the tragedy of Europe. This noble continent, comprising on the whole the fairest and the most cultivated regions of the earth, enjoying a temperate and equable climate, is the home of all the great parent races of the western world. It is the fountain of Christian faith and Christian ethics. It is the origin of most of the culture, the arts, philosophy and science both of ancient and modern times. If Europe were once united in the sharing of its common inheritance, there would be no limit to the happiness, to the prosperity and the glory which its three or four hundred million people would enjoy. Yet it is from Europe that have sprung that series of frightful nationalistic quarrels, originated by the Teutonic nations in their rise to power, which we have seen in this twentieth century and even in our own lifetime, wreck the peace and mar the prospects of all mankind. And what is the plight to which Europe has been reduced? Some of the smaller States have indeed made a good recovery, but over wide areas a vast quivering mass of tormented, hungry, care-worn and bewildered human beings gape at the ruins of their cities and their homes and scan the dark horizons for the approach of some new peril, tyranny or terror. Among the victors there is a babel of voices: among the vanquished the sullen silence of despair. That is all that Europeans, grouped in so many ancient States and nations, that is all that the Germanic races have got by tearing each other to pieces and spreading havoc far and wide. Indeed, but for the fact that the great Republic across the Atlantic Ocean has at length realised that the ruin or enslavement of Europe would involve their own fate as well, and has stretched out hands of succour and of guidance, but for that the Dark Ages would have returned in all their cruelty and squalor. Gentlemen: they may still return!
I must now sum up the propositions which are before you. Our constant aim must be to build and fortify the strength of the United Nations Organisation. Under and within that world concept, we must re-create the European family in a regional structure called, it may be, the United States of Europe. And the first practical step would be to form a Council of Europe. If at first all the States of Europe are not willing or able to join the Union, we must nevertheless proceed to assemble and combine those who will and those who can. The salvation of the common people of every race and of every land from war or servitude must be established on solid foundations and must be guarded by the readiness of all men and women to die rather than submit to tyranny. In all this urgent work, France and Germany must take the lead together. Great Britain, the British Commonwealth of Nations, mighty America, and I trust Soviet Russia – for then indeed all would be well – must be the friends and sponsors of the new Europe and must champion its right to live and shine.